Windsurfing is a type of sailing. This entertainment consists in running on the water a small board with a sail. The projectile itself is called a “sailing board” or “windsurf”, it consists directly of a small board (2 – 4.7 meters) made of floating material and a flexible sail.
In fact, this is also a sailing vessel, but without a helm, instead, it is controlled by tilting the mast and sail, or by tilting the board itself directly from side to side. A similar method is used when planing. Speed control depends on the installation of the sail relative to the wind, which is carried out using a boom (the crossbar for which the athlete holds).
Despite the dependence on the wind, water spaces can be plowed with any of its strength. It all depends on the practice and dexterity of the windsurfer. In addition, it is possible to perform some tricks (jumps, coups, etc.), but this is the lot of professionals.
Windsurfing is growing from year to year. More recently, it was quite a curiosity, and now more and more often you can see on the sea people who have chosen this type of outdoor activity.
Now a little about technology. There are basic ways to move on the board. This is the mode of planing and displacement. In the second case, the board moves relatively slowly due to water resistance, is immersed in water for a couple of centimeters and is held thanks to the strength of Archimedes. In the first type of movement – oncoming air flow, which has a lifting force, helps to keep the board on the surface.
This type of control has wind speed limits. So, the minimum wind speed that will provide the “rise” will be 7 meters per second. Do not do without considerable experience. However, if your board is wide, then 4 or even 3 meters per second is enough for successful planing on the board. Gone are the days when boards were classified by type, form, and movement mechanism into the first, second, and third divisions. Currently there are the following types of boards:
1. Wave – small board sizes on which you can perform wave jumps and other specific tricks.
2. Freestyle – this board is wider than a wave, and also used for tricks that include turning with jumps (Spock, Volcano and others).
3. Windsurfing formula – with a displacement of 130 liters, wide boards with a long fin can go very steeply to the wind.
4. Slalom – these boards are used for racing under the wind. They are all at a minimum. Any part of the projectile is designed to set high speed.
5. Boards for beginners – displacement up to 240 liters. They have a dagger on board.
6. Children’s option – have an easy mast and are designed for small growth of the athlete.
7. Option for free skiing. Boards of this class are designed for minimal windsurfer skills, suitable for beginners. You can choose the displacement of the board, according to the dimensions of the “pilot”: from 120 to 170 liters.
8. And finally, the Olympic class: boards recommended by the Olympic Committee for the Olympic Games.
9. Tandem boards – these boards are distinguished by the presence of 2 or more sails.