RUNNING – THE MOST ANCIENT SPORT
As a sport, running first appeared in the cave period. It is known that for the right to participate in the hunt, many soldiers had to demonstrate their own strength, running was one of the key parameters. That warrior who ran to the finish faster got the right to participate in the hunt. At that time, it was the only way to feed themselves and their families.
The first official conscious appearance of running in world history can be traced in Ancient Egypt. The first settlers organized competitions in honor of the sun god Ra, the run was ritual in nature, and looked different. Women dressed in light clothes ran to the Nile, and after that, they had to completely undress at a speed, bathe, and return back to the priest. The one who managed to clear herself earlier won this competition, getting the opportunity to become the Pharaoh’s concubine.In Greece, the ancestor of all Olympic sports, running had an important strategic value. Greece, according to the type of state building, was a bunch of policies that constantly waged war with each other. Fast messengers were worth their weight in gold, as they could not only convey vital information, but also get ahead of other messengers in this. Competitions between the messengers were held constantly, since along the way the messenger could die, or go to the side of the enemy.
When Athens took control of the country, running became an official sport. Athletes could claim not only prizes, but also a certain position in society. It was then that the cult of sport first appeared, which later briefly disappeared from the life of mankind, returning only with the advent of the Middle Ages.
There are also cases where running as a sport has been partially changed due to cultural characteristics, or other reasons. So, for example, in Russia, girls often jumped over a bonfire, while, in their structure, this entertainment was sporting in nature. In China, girls who have just married got involved in jogging to save their families, thereby not only training their hips, but also getting ready in case of persecution for treason in a hurry to leave their spouse’s house.
Running continues to be relevant, and most importantly, the simplest sport. To achieve first places in it, you just need to conduct training, and most athletes who win the main prizes in world championships, as a rule, are new to this business every time. Throughout the history of world running, there have been several names that have taken first place in a row, winning valuable prizes year after year.
However, running has its own problems, primarily related to the support of sponsors, and the development of sports equipment. Initially, the run was carried out on condition of a bare foot, only then after obvious injuries were allowed to wear shoes. At this stage, many sneakers can be recognized as an athlete’s doping, as they not only improve running, allowing you to experience less stress on the foot, but also make the long-distance running process easier. However, for many years now the Olympic Committee, which considers it normal for large players to sponsor their own favorites, has advertised their brand in return.
There are several varieties of running as a sport. Short distance running, long distance running. Obstacle race, shuttle race, cross. Thus, running itself is only a general concept that does not have the property of individuality. Nevertheless, while remaining the main, oldest sport, running continues to be in first place, always attracting due attention to a wide audience around the world.