For a long time people were attracted by the opportunity to jump into the water from a great height. Sometimes it was an indicator of the jumper’s courage and courage. From here came such a sport as ski jumping. High Diving is a kind of diving, but with its own characteristics and differences. In other words, it is jumping from extreme heights. This sport is similar to cliff diving, which was established in 1992, and the first high diving competition was held in 1996. At the same time, the world high diving association was formed. It happened in the Swiss city of Aveno, where it is still located.
This sport is not professional, but is considered amateur and extreme. But this does not mean that it is less spectacular and worse than others. One of its features is that competitions are held in open waters, and jump platforms are set on rocks, buildings, etc. located next to it. The height of the springboard is 27 m. For men and 20 m. For women, this is twice as much as the highest tower in the Olympic diving. That is why this sport is very dangerous and qualifies as extreme.
During the year, several competitions are held in different cities. In each of them, athletes make several jumps and get points for it. The sum of all the results at all stages is summed up and in this way the winner is revealed, the one who scored the largest total. Points are calculated for the cleanliness of the performance of the figures in flight, for the technique of jumping, and for the clean entrance to the water (the body is flat, without splashing). These points are then multiplied by the jump difficulty factor, and the total score for a single jump is obtained. The athlete gains a very high speed during the flight, about 90 km / h. A blow at such a speed against water is comparable to a blow to a hard surface, especially if the water is sea (since it is denser than fresh because of salt). Therefore, jumpers enter the water only with their feet, and not with their hands, as in the Olympic types of jumps. Around the place of immersion of the person who jumped into the water, there are without fail divers who monitor the condition of the athlete and help, if necessary, to get ashore. A strong blow to the water in the wrong position can seriously injure a person and even cause death. A device is also installed in this place, which creates ripples on the surface of the water, this helps to more easily determine the place where to jump, and determine the height.
The European and World Cliff Diving Championships have been held since 1997 under the name International Cliff Diving Championship. Sport was slowly gaining popularity and attracted spectators. These in 2009 skillfully took advantage of the company Red Bull, which began to organize a world championship in this sport on a fairly large scale. She specializes in extreme sports, and knew how to attract even more people, approaching the organization with great responsibility. Their competition called the Cliff Diving World Series gathers complete stands. The most titled athletes in these competitions were Briton Gary Hunt, and Colombian Orlando Duque is second in achievements. There is a place there for the Russian jumper Artyom Silchenko, who also mined gold in this sport, and is considered the third person in the overall medal standings.
Despite the growing popularity of this sport. There are some difficulties for its further expansion. The organizers of the competition dream of promoting it in Olympic sports. Due to the fact that participation in these jumps requires a certain experience of athletes, since they are held at high altitude and are very dangerous, it is difficult to introduce it into the Olympic system. Moreover, because of the danger, there are not as many participants in it as we would like. But despite this, spectators continue to gather in the stands, and the number of fans of this sport is growing.