Underwater wrestling, commonly known as Aquatlon, is a water sport in which two masked and fins compete under water in an attempt to peel off each other’s ankle.
HISTORY OF CREATION
Aquatlon received its development in the 80s of the last century. Its founder is Igor Ostrovsky, a Russian coach in underwater sports. Underwater wrestling was first presented at the Moscow Technological University in April 1982. This event was a huge success, therefore, back in 1993, international competitions were held in the capital. In March 1996, representatives of the diving federation of many countries met to create the IAA (International Aquatlon Association). The main goal of this organization is to modernize sports, support athletes and develop their talents, create national federations and associations, ensure the adoption of international competition rules and authorize official international competitions. Also, the first European championship in diving was held in Russia, which gave impetus to the official recognition of this discipline.
Aquatlon was officially introduced by the CMAS (World Confederation of Underwater Activities) at the 2007 Games in Bari, Italy. After that, this sport was recognized and the official preparation of all relying documents began. At the end of 2008, an international competition began under the auspices of CMAS. In 2009, the Aquatlon Commission was created at the SMAS Sports Committee, and Igor Ostrovsky became its first president. As of March 2013, countries such as Belarus, Croatia, Estonia, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania and Russia joined the commission.
Aquatlon competitions are held in a pool with a depth of 2 to 6 meters. The wrestling zone is a 5 meter “underwater ring” and 2.5 meter free space around it, marked by ropes floating on the surface of the water. One side of the ring is marked with a red rope (known as the red side), and the other is yellow (known as the yellow side). At the bottom of the pool, there is a square mat with a white circle in the center, which is located directly below the competition area. On the opposite sides are the red and yellow hoops, through which the athletes swim, starting the competition.
Competitors wear swimming trunks, a mask for diving, flippers made of rubber or polyurethane, a cap for water polo and two cuffs attached to the ankles, to which 2 colored ribbons are attached (20 centimeters long and 2 centimeters wide). The participant on the red side wears a red or blue cap and yellow ribbons, while the participant on the yellow side wears a white or yellow cap and red ribbons.
The fights consist of three rounds lasting 30 seconds and an additional round held to determine the winner in the event of a tie. The intervals between rounds must be at least 30 seconds, and the minimum interval between any two fights must be at least one minute.
In the rules of aquatlon it is strictly forbidden: to strike, intentionally cause harm to the equipment and health of the enemy, to tear off or damage the ribbons, and also to be rude and argue with the judge.
Until 1990, all aquatlon competitions were held in the Soviet Union. So the first open championship of Russia in aquathlon was held in Tula in 1992. In 1993, the 1st International Aquathlon Competition was held in Moscow with the participation of the national teams of Israel, Russia and Ukraine. In 1997, a series of friendly competitions were held between Israel and Jordan in Aqaba, Jordan, and in 1998 in Netanya, Israel. Between 2000 and 2006, international competitions were held in Moscow, Tula and Sochi in Russia, Istanbul in Turkey and Tiraspol in Moldova.
Since 2008, under the auspices of CMAS, major championships around the world have been held, among which a large number are held in Russia. So, the 1st European Aquatlon Championship 2010 took place in Kazan, and the 2nd in Perm.
Aquatlon develops coordination, dexterity, balance, respiratory and nervous systems in athletes. This sport is very spectacular, so it has gained such popularity both in Russia and abroad.